OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Sometimes, the risk of material spilling may be very minimal in your company bit even then, it may be a good thing to train your staff on how to handle the situation. In case of an hazardous waste spill, there are five main people who are most likely to be affected and that is why OSHA offers five levels of training for these individuals.
Awareness for first responder.
This level involves everyone who enters a facility including personal who don’t usually deal with chemicals including office personal. These employees need four hours of training and they learn the basics about the chemicals in the facility and their risks. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
First Responder Operations
The employees in this level are those that are responsible for keeping spills from spreading as well as keeping away unauthorized people. The amount of hours required for training this staff is mainly eight hours. The terms referring to hazardeous materials are defined and explained as well as the procedure of carrying out risk assessment. Also they learn personal protective equipment use, simple control and containment operations and how to implement basic decontamination procedures.
Training the technicians.
These employees actually enter the spill area and stop spilled material from spreading. The amount of hours required to train this staff also increases in that it is 24 hours. In this level of training, the techniques for assessing risk are taught further deeper as well as chemical and toxicological hazards. They also learn use of field survey instruments to identify hazardous materials, spill control techniques, plug leaking containers and complex decontamination procedures.
Hazardous Materials Specialist
the training done in this level is given to the specialist in this field on how to handle hazardous materials and how to communicate this with the relevant authorities. They receive 24 hours of class training including detailed training on chemical, radiological and toxicological hazards. Here, the specialists learn how to carry out decontamination and how to contain a spill as well as the various personal protective gears available and which one is the most appropriate and for what situation.
The commander training
Incident commanders receive the highest level of HAZMAT training as they are in charge of all cleanup operations. This commanders are entitled to receive 24 hours of class training even though the hours may vary from institution to institution. This is because they need to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.